What are cookies?
A cookie is a small file of letters and numbers downloaded on the user's device when they access certain websites, with the target of storing and retrieving information about how they browse the site from that device.
Cookies allow the site, among others, to store and retrieve information about the surfing decisions and habits of the user.
Which are the cookies types?
According to the owner of the cookie:
- Own Cookies: Son aquéllas que se envían al equipo terminal del usuario desde un equipo o dominio gestionado por el propio editor y desde el que se presta el servicio solicitado por el usuario
- Third parties Cookies: They are those that are sent to the terminal equipment of the user from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity that treats the data obtained through cookies
Depending of the duration of the cookie:
- Session cookies: They are a type of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page
- Persistent cookies: They are a type of cookies in which the data is still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed during a period defined by the responsible of the cookie, and can go from a few minutes to several years.
Cookies, depending on their permanence, can be divided into Session or Permanent Cookies. The first ones expire when the user closes the browser. The second ones expire depending on when the objective for which they serve is done (for example, for the user to remain identified on the websites and services of) or when they are deleted manually.
Additionally, depending on their purpose, Cookies can be classified as follows:
User session cookies: are those used to enable the user to use his account as a client, and whose function is to keep the user identified, if he closes a service or web, the browser or computer and at another time or another day re-entering said service or web, will continue to be identified, thus facilitating their navigation without having to re-identify. This functionality can be suppressed if the user clicks on the "Logout" functionality, so that this Cookie is deleted and the next time it enters the web the user will have to log in to be identified
Analytic cookies: Each time a User visits a Web or Service, a tool from an external provider such as Google Analytics geneprices an analytic cookie on the user's device. This cookie that is generated only in the visit, will serve in next visits to anonymously identify the visitor. The main objectives pursued are:
- Allow anonymous identification of browsing users through the “Cookie” (Identifies browsers and devices, not people) and therefore the approximate accounting of the number of visitors and their trend over time.
- Identify anonymously the most visited content and therefore more attractive to users
- Know if the accessing user is new or recurring.
How to disable cookies on your browser
Most browsers currently allow the user to configure whether or not they want to accept cookies. These settings are usually found in the & lsquo; options & rsquo; Or ‘Preferences’ From the menu of your browser.
Estas son las instrucciones para configurar las cookies en los principales navegadores:
- Chrome: Configuration -> Show advanced options -> Privacy -> Content configuration. For more information, you can check Google support or browser Help.
- Firefox: Tools -> Options -> Privacy -> History -> Custom settings. For more information, you can consult Mozilla support or the browser Help.
- Internet Explorer: Tools -> Internet Options -> Privacy -> Configuration. For more information, You can check Microsoft support or browser Help.
- Safari: Preferencies -> Security. For more information, you can check Apple Support or Browser Help.